Ok…So we found THIS during Rare Book Inventory.

Wie die Ostmark ihre Befreiung erlebte. Adolf Hitler und sein Weg zu Grossdeutschland, 1940. Book is in Special Collections Research Center, Rare Books, DB 96 .H63.

We are in the midst of doing an inventory or our rare books collection in SCRC. While working in the folio section, a colleague and I stumbled upon this disturbing yet intriguing volume.  Wie die Ostmark ihre Befreiung Erlebte: Adolf Hitler und sein Weg zu Grossdeutschland (How Austria Experienced its Liberation: Adolf Hitler and his Route to Greater Germany) tells the story of the early years of Adolph Hitler, Nazism, and the Third Reich.  This time period, from Hitler’s birth up to the Anschluss, or annexation of Austria in 1938, might be considered “the good years” for people sympathetic to the Nazis’ cause.  Luckily for the rest of the world, things went downhill for the Nazi’s in the years after that.

 

Title page to Wie die Ostmark ihre Befreiung erlebte. Adolf Hitler und sein Weg zu Grossdeutschland. This page, and others throughout the book appear to have been made to resemble woodcuts.

 

 

Published in 1940, Wie die Ostmark ihre Befreiung Erlebte has over 300 illustrations. The majority of them are small tipped-in reproductions of original black and white photographs, each 2 inches by 2.5 inches. This gives it the look of a sticker-collection book. The rest of the illustrations are larger printed photographs and drawings that resemble woodcuts.

The typeface used in Wie die Ostmark ihre Befreiung Erlebte is the old Fraktur, which originated in the 16th century. Ironically, one year later Hitler banned the use of this font (which was used in both this book and on the cover of Hitler’s earlier work, Mein Kampf) claiming it was a Jewish font  since it was often seen on Judaic printed materials.  

This page shows images of Hitler’s parents and boyhood home, as well as other buildings relevant to his young years.

While Wie die Ostmark ihre Befreiung Erlebte probably was intended to be a sort of celebratory “coffee table book” in 1940’s Germany, it now serves as a visible reminder of the dangers of allowing individuals with sinister motivations to attain positions of power.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pages of Wie die Ostmark ihre Befreiung Erlebte use the Fraktur typeface. Fraktur was banned one year after the publication of this book.

“So, Success Attend St. Patrick’s Fist, For He’s a Saint So Clever”

For St. Patrick’s Day, we are featuring some books about the Emerald Isle!

This book includes many beautiful illustrations throughout. Some titles include “The Enchanted Lake”, “The Haunted Cellar”, and “The Legend of Knockfierna”.

Croker, Thomas Crofton, Irish Fairy Legends , DA990 .C8 1898, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University.

This book on the Aran Islands tells the tale of a man who stayed on the island. The three islands are located off of the western coast of Ireland. The writers poetic nature makes this book a satisfying read, full of details that make you feel you are actually there.

Synge, J.M., The Aran Islands , PR5533 .A417 1911, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University.

This is a folio sized book of over 600 pages, all decorated with a beautiful border, and contains footnotes and an index. It is surely a must read for anyone interested in or studying Irish history.

Mitchel, John, The History of Ireland , Folio DA910 .M145 1808, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University.

This last book, though we have many others in our collections, contains songs and their history. The title of this blog was taken from the song titled, “St. Patrick” in the page below in. Some other songs include, “The Shamrock”, “Whisky”, and a multitude of local songs.

Croker, Thomas Crofton, Popular Songs of Ireland , PR8860 .C7 1886, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University.

To search the collections held at Special Collections Research Center, go to our website and browse the finding aids by subject or title. You may also e-mail us at speccoll@gmu.edu or call 703-993-2220 if you would like to schedule an appointment, request materials, or if you have questions. Appointments are not necessary to request and view collections.

 

The Languages of Special Collections

There is a babel of languages in Special Collections.

Here at the Special Collections Research Center at George Mason University Libraries, a quick catalog search shows archival materials or rare books in the following languages:

A book of Lutheran devotional exercises

Tagliches Hand-Buch, Call Number BV 4834 .S7 1846. This volume is a book of Lutheran devotional exercises in German

  • English
  • German
  • French
  • Russian
  • Italian
  • Latin
  • Greek
  • Arabic
  • Hebrew

In the Archives alone, untranslated material abounds. Whether it’s the Gustav Klemp German WWI Collection of untranslated German materials, the Michael La Vean French Documents Collection of French Revolution era documents, or the Kukryniksy Russian Cariacture Collection of Russian posters, these untranslated primary source materials present a unique opportunity for scholars, students, and researchers at George Mason.

Highlighted here are a few examples of rare books and archival materials in the many languages represented in the Special Collections Research Center.

Biblia Sacra spine

  • Biblia Sacra, printed in 1692 (Call Number: BR 75 1692)

“Biblia Sacra” is the Latin title for the Vulgate (Latin translation of the Christian Bible).

The Latin Bible faced challenges throughout the sixteenth century, as reformers like Martin Luther, John Calvin, William Tyndale and other figures of the Reformation questioned whether a Bible in the vernacular would be more accessible.

Translated into Latin in the fourth century by St. Jerome, the Vulgate was affirmed as the official Latin Bible of the Catholic Church during the Council of Trent (1545-1563).

This edition of the Vulgate was published in 1692.

  • The Parson’s Guide, or the Law of Tithes: Where is Shewed, who must pay tithes, and to whom, and of what things, when and how they must be paid, and how they may be recovered at this day, and how a man may be discharged of payment thereof, by W.S., Esq. (Call Number: KD 8747.Z9 S54 1654)

Bound with the SCRC copy of “The Parson’s Guide” are extensive manuscript annotations on the text that follows.

Manuscript annotations bound with The Parson's Guide

  • Tagliches Hand-Buch, in guten und bosen Tagen : das ist : Aufmunterungen, Gebete und Gesange, 1) fur Gesunde ; 2) fur Betrubte ; 3) fur Kranke ; 4) fur Sterbende ; wie auch Spruche, Seufzer und Gebete, den Sterbenden vorzusprechen, nebst den Fest-Andachten ; viel schone Buss-, Beicht-, Communion- und Wettergebete, Morgen- und Abend-Andachten auf alle Tage in der Woche, Trost- und Erquickungs-Gebete, sammt Ges2017-01-23 13.56angen, und Kriegs-, Theurungs-, Pest- und Friedens-Gebete, bei allen Angelegenheiten nutzlich zu gebrauchen,  und mit Kupfern gezieret ; Gebeten fur Schwangere, Gebahrende und fur Unfruchtbare ; als der funfte und sechste Theil dieses Handbuchs, compiled by Johann Starck (Call Number BV4834 .S7 1846)

Published in 1846, the above book is a book of German Lutheran prayers and devotional exercises.

  • The Michael La Vean Collection of French Documents, C0078
Receipt for a debt, C0078

Receipt for a debt, Michael La Vean Collection of French Documents, C0078, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University Libraries

Finally, from our Manuscript Collections comes this document from the Michael La Vean Collection of French Documents, C0078. Written on February 9, 1790, this documents is the receipt of a debt of 2,806 livres paid.

This collection contains many other documents dating to the French Revolution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To search the collections held at Special Collections Research Center, go to our website and browse the finding aids by subject or title. For rare books, search the library catalog, limiting your search to Fenwick Special Collections.

You may also e-mail us at speccoll@gmu.edu or call 703-993-2220 if you would like to schedule an appointment, request materials, or if you have questions. Appointments are not necessary to request and view collections.

Marking the Hours

Music

Music for celebrating the Divine Office from the Directoriuvm Chori: Ad Vsvm Omnivm Ecclesiavm Cathedralium & CollegiatarumRare Books Collection, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University Libraries, M2153.2 .C36 1665

Sunday, November 27th marks the beginning of Advent in the Western Christian tradition. The season of Advent starts the fourth Sunday before Christmas and is preparation for the celebration of Jesus’ birth on Christmas Day. It also marks the beginning of the liturgical year in the Catholic Church.

In the Special Collections Research Center, we have some examples that allow us to see the ways in which people historically celebrated the Christian liturgical year.

Vellum Leaf from a Missal printed in 1493

Vellum Leaf from a Missal printed in 1493, Rare Books Collection, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University Libraries, BX2015 .A2 1493

In medieval Christian Europe, public worship and the liturgical year revolved around the Mass or the Divine Office.

The Mass can be defined as the rituals, hymns, and readings that evolved around the celebration of the Eucharist.

In contrast, the Divine Office is a set of prayers recited at specific hours of the day. The Divine Office is primarily composed of the biblical Psalms with supplemental hymns and readings. In the Middle Ages, singing the Divine Office was the responsibility of monks and nuns. According to John Cassian (d. 435), “The whole purpose of the monk and indeed the perfection of his heart amount to this–total and uninterrupted dedication to prayer.”(1)

The medieval Divine Office was composed of eight “Offices” or “hours.”

In the Middle Ages, each of these forms of worship (Mass & Divine Office) was celebrated using a different type of book:

  • Lectionary: used by priests, it contains the Scriptural readings for use in Mass
  • Breviary: used by monks, the Breviary was a service book containing the texts necessary to celebrate the Divine Office
  • Missal: used by priests, the missal is a service book containing texts (prayers and instructions) necessary for the performance of the Mass.
  • Gradual: used by priests, it contains the musical portions of the Mass, and omits the spoken parts
  • Antiphoner: used by monks, this book would have been large enough for a monastic choir to see it, and contains sung portions of the Divine Office.

One can see how the emergence of the printing press began to change these medieval books with one of the volumes from our Rare Books collection, the Directorivm chori : ad vsvm omnivm ecclesiarvm cathedralium & collegiatarumThe Directorivm Chori is the first post-Tridentine chant book published in Rome, and it contains the basic elements for singing the Divine Office, including the principal Psalms, hymns, verses, lessons and prayers. Unlike medieval antiphoners, however, the Directorivm Chori is small, meant to be held and viewed by one person–not an entire choir.

To search the rare books collection for more interesting items from our collection, search the Mason Catalog, click on “Set Limit” and limit by the location “Fenwick Special Collections.”

  1. John Cassian, Conferences. Trans. Colm Luibheid. (New York: Paulist Press, 1985) 101

 


E-mail us at speccoll@gmu.edu or call 703-993-2220 if you would like to schedule an appointment, request materials, or if you have any questions. Appointments are not necessary to view collections.

National Book Awards Week

On Wednesday, November 16th, the 67th annual National Book Awards will be hosted by Larry Wilmore. In preparation, Special Collections Research Center is featuring two of our books that have previously won this award. The awards aim to “celebrate the best of American literature, to expand its audience, and to enhance the cultural value of great writing in America.” Currently, four winners are awarded for the categories of Fiction, Nonfiction, Poetry, and Young People’s Literature. This year’s candidates can be found on the National Book Foundation website.

Faulkner, William, The Collected Stories of William Faulkner , PS3511 .A86 A6 1950, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University.

William Faulkner was the Fiction winner in 1951 for his Collected Stories.  Faulkner, William, The Collected Stories of William Faulkner , PS3511 .A86 A6 1950, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University.

 

 

Styron, William, Sophie's Choice , PS3569 .T9 S67 1979, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University.

William Styron won the Fiction (Hardcover) prize in 1980 for Sophie’s Choice. Styron, William, Sophie’s Choice , PS3569 .T9 S67 1979, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University (image above and below).

Styron, William, Sophie's Choice , PS3569 .T9 S67 1979, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University.

 

To search the collections held at Special Collections Research Center, go to our website and browse the finding aids by subject or title. You may also e-mail us at speccoll@gmu.edu or call 703-993-2220 if you would like to schedule an appointment, request materials, or if you have questions. Appointments are not necessary to view collections.